Our Slavic Fellow Citizens - 1910

Slovak Emigration
Chapter VI

The Home of the Slovaks

One of the most attractive of the Slavic nationalities is the little group of the Slovaks of Hungary, though they have no independent history, little fame, and they are the very step-children of fortune.

They live for the most part in the district which they themselves call Slovensko along the southern slopes of the Carpathians, which make the boundary of Hungary to the north. It is a lovely but infertile hill country with clear, quick streams and a now diminishing wealth of woods. The Slovak peasants own mainly the poorest parts of the soil of this poor region.

A charming illustrated description of the Slovak district which deserves translation is Kala's "Na Krasnem Slovensku." But tbe most delightful presentation of this pituresque and winning people is the portfolio of reproductions in color of Joza Uprka's paintings of his countrymen, the Slovaks of Moravia. Mr. Seton-Watson's book, "Racial Problems in Hungary" also has excellent illustrations some of them in color, and contains besides an essay on "Slovak Popular Art" by Jurkovic Dusan.

Below them to the south is the rich alfold or plain which makes up central Hungary, and is the home af the Magyars or Hungarians proper, a brilliant, masterful race. Here in the plain are the famous pusztas with wide-sweeping wheat fields and immense herds of horses or of cream-colored wide-horned cattle. This endless expanse shimmers in the hot sun, the level lines cut only by a stiff well-sweep here and there, while on the horizon tbe fairy Delibab (the mirage) shows illusive grooves and pools. Here the Slovaks sometimes betake themselves to get work, but their homes, with the exception of some scattered colonies, are in the hill country to the north.


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